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The Preview: Disabilities

Take our quiz: The key to transition success

1. What factor has been shown to be crucial to the future success of students with disabilities:

a. parental assistance

b. a community aide

c. peer support

d. self-determination skills

e. assistive technology

2. Self-determination equates to doing things independently

a. True

b. False

3. Which of the following are not among the 12 core component skills of self-determination?

a. choice making; decision making; problem solving

b. goal setting and attainment; risk-taking, independence, and safety; self-regulation

c. physical fitness; mobility; health

d. self-instruction; internal locus of control; positive perceptions of self-efficacy and outcome expectancy

e. self-advocacy and leadership; self-knowledge; self-awareness

4. What self-determination assessments are available for free to educators?

a. AIR Self-Determination Scale

b. The Arc Self-Determination Scale

c. Self-Determination Battery

d. All of the above

e. None of the above

5. What high-school activity provides an optimal opportunity for students to develop and refine their self-determination skills?

a. Attending social events like football games or prom

b. Becoming a peer buddy

c. Participating in extracurricular activities

d. Playing a leading role in the IEP and transition planning processes

e. None of the above

6. Students with disabilities learn self-determination skills best when

a. educators use interventions that systematically teach goal setting and attainment skills

b. students are placed in real-life situations and called on to make on-the-spot decisions (the "sink or swim" approach)

c. aides keep track of all relevant requirements and complete all necessary documentation for them

d. educators, parents, and service providers collaborate on future steps for them

e. students participate in community programs

7. Which of the following hints are helpful to remember when incorporating self-determination skills into instruction?

a. Learn that opportunities to practice are as important as teaching the skill

b. Listen to students regardless of what method they use to communicate

c. Be aware of cues you give students about the "right" answer, and defer questions about student preferences to the individual student

d. Give students responsibility and involve students in making plans

e. All of the above

8. Which of the following does not foster self-determination?

a. Enabling students to make key decisions—such as choosing courses, extracurricular activities, and career goals

b. Encouraging students to participate in leadership activities (peer mediation, youth leadership, community service programs)

c. Following a "readiness" approach that requires students to demonstrate specified levels of competence before they can make decisions and direct their lives

d. Initiating self-determination instruction when children are young to avoid the cycle of dependency, control by others, and feelings of inability that often accompany individuals with disabilities

e. Believing in the capacity of students to be change agents in their own lives

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